Indian spices

When you know the importance of Indian spices in cooking delicious food items or dishes, each of them is popular. Here, you can have insights into the most used herbs in the Indian kitchen.

One of the things that people find intimidating about cooking food items is the wide range of spices used. They are used in both whole and ground forms, which are often combined into complex spice mixes.

The flavours of recipes of India have an excellent standing and are delicious. The food varieties are renowned for their flavours and fantastic taste and aroma. Flavours are known for the taste-boosting that they do additionally for the therapeutic qualities they hold.

The main thing to comprehend about the shrubs is the sum to be utilized in the food. Therefore, any modest change in the extent of seasoning items in food can impact the taste enormously.

So, we have brought the most discovered spices in the Indian kitchen to keep things easier for you.

Popular Spices Of The Indian Kitchen

●    Cumin

Cumin is another attractive flavouring agent used in cooking recipes. They add a refreshing and smoky flavour to the dishes when they are added. Moreover, cumin is the first added herb while cooking any dish.

However, you need to make sure it is not overcooked as it may spoil the taste of food items. Instead, cumin seeds can often be confused with fennel seeds. Furthermore, cumin comes with many benefits.

You can add it to boiling water for a pleasant aroma. Indeed, we can consume this water throughout the day. Moreover, it is said to improve digestion, and it is suitable for pregnant women.

●    Black Pepper

Black pepper is a healing shrub added to seasoning agents. It is most primarily used in powdered form. For example, pepper chicken and pepper idlis are famous dishes using black pepper.

Black pepper is usually used as a whole in a south Indian dish called Pongal.

●    Turmeric

Turmeric is the most commonly used herb in India. In addition, they are primarily used in ground form, but you can also use them in fresh conditions. Moreover, turmeric is the best known antiseptic available.

It is also widely known for its anti-cancerous properties. However, turmeric adds excellent flavour and colour to the dishes. Indeed, it is another shrub belonging to the ginger family.

It is derived from the roots of the Curcuma longa, a leafy plant native to India. Furthermore, it was primarily used as a dye and in medicine for the past few years. It has an earthy consistency and a warm aroma and taste.

Nowadays, it is mainly used for its flavour, colour and as health tonics for its anti-inflammatory benefits.

●    Cardamom

Green cardamom is the most primarily found in your kitchen. In addition, they are great flavour enhancers. Moreover, you can add them to sweets, vegetarian and non-vegetarian gravies, lassi, and biryanis.

Also, there are black cardamoms, but they are used less frequently compared to green. Indeed, you can use them as a whole or in powdered form. The medicinal benefits of cardamom include mouth freshening and aiding digestion.

●    Bay Leaves

Bay leaves are one of the Indian spices that are widely used in dried forms. Indeed, they are used in a variety of spicy food items. It adds an exquisite flavour to the dishes.

Furthermore, this is one of the main reasons for the delicious aroma of various dishes. It is essential not to overuse it, and you need to remove the leaves once the dish is cooked.

Adding bay leaves to your savoury dishes helps better digestion, improves hair health, reduces anxiety, and controls fungal infections.

●    Mustard

Black mustard seeds are widely used in India. In addition, they are tiny in size and come in brown, black, or yellow colour. These seeds exhibit their flavour only when they are kept in hot oil.

They are used in almost all recipes and dishes. But, instead, the people of North India use numerous mustard oils in cooking. In cooking cuisines, brown mustard seeds are more primarily used compared to the black variety.

These seeds can be fried whole to flavour oil and afterwards used to cook raw food or as garnishing dishes.

●    Coriander

Coriander is another herb that is sure to occupy space in your kitchen. In addition, coriander can be used in both ground form as well as a whole. Moreover, the coriander seeds are tiny and aromatic. They add a special kind of citrus notes to the food.

●    Cinnamon

Cinnamon is a mild seasoning agent used in a variety of food items. However, you can use them in sweets, savouries, cakes and rolls. Also, they are used in whiskey, and it adds great flavour to the drink.

Cinnamon is the best mouth freshener, and it helps in weight loss. Furthermore, it is a popular shrub or masala you can see in all Indian kitchens.

●    Curry Powder

Curry powder is the least effective herb used in meal preparation. On the contrary, curry leaves are one of the most mysterious Indian spices. Finally, they are the leaves of the Murraya plant and are available as a dried herb.

They are best used fresh in the first or second stage of cooking recipes. Also, they are fried up with onions and in your tadkas to impart a spicy, citrus-like aroma.

●    Fenugreek

Fenugreek is a yellow colour whole seasoning agent found in Indian kitchens. However, they look like small wheat kernels, and they taste a little bitter. So instead, you need to be careful with the amount of fenugreek you add to your food items.

Overdosing of it will spoil the dish. Also, they are primarily used in batter for idli and dosa. Moreover, fenugreek is said to regulate body temperature.


Here, we have discussed the top seasoning and flavouring herbs most used in the Indian kitchen. You can get all the seasoning herbs from the Indian spices exporter globally. However, you can get to know the use of each flavouring agent in different recipes. Instead, you will obtain the importance of each herb in cuisines.

By Anurag Rathod

Anurag Rathod is an Editor of, who is passionate for app-based startup solutions and on-demand business ideas. He believes in spreading tech trends. He is an avid reader and loves thinking out of the box to promote new technologies.