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Which Countries Are The Largest Exporters In The World?

Which Countries Are The Largest Exporters In The World?

It is normal to wonder which are the most exporting countries in the world or which product is the most exported, especially when talking about international trade. Each nation is characterized by producing raw materials and resources that others crave and yearn for, so there are several nations that have become real powers thanks to exports. Do you want to know what they are?

It is a reality, COVID-19 has transformed many aspects of the world and, of course, trade is not exempt from these changes. And it is that between 2020 and 2021 there were increases and decreases in the percentages of export sales in countries such as China, the United States, Germany, and India, among others.

Even so, there are products and activities that continue to top the lists of what is most exported in the world. We can tell you that the outlook and projections for exporters are going to be very positive.

In this post, we have discussed the most exporting countries in the world.

Leading export countries worldwide

We begin this post of export listings with the countries that export the most in the world. There will be some that will surprise you.

Do you want to know which are the most exporting countries in the world? Below MyXBorder team – a specialist in delivery from Flipkart to the USA pointed out something a list is as follows – 

1. China

The Asian giant could not be left out of this list of the countries that export the most. A country whose share of exports in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is around 31%, is currently the one that exports the most to the whole world.

So the question is: what does China export to the entire planet? Mainly, raw materials and merchandise such as the following:

  • electrical machinery
  • textiles
  • clothing
  • optical equipment
  • toys
  • weapons
  • Iron and Steel
  • Medical equipment

Now, do you want to know which have been the main destinations of its exports? Mainly, they have gone to the following countries:

  • USA 
  • Hong Kong 
  • Japan 
  • South Korea 
  • Germany

In 2020, China sold USD 2.2 trillion dollars, an increase of 3.7%, compared to 2019.

2. Germany

In second place in the list of the countries that export the most in the world, appears Germany. In 2021, the number of exported products increased by 14.12% compared to 2020, while exports cover 38.65% of its GDP. 

Its main products and export raw materials are:

  • vehicles (and machinery in general)
  • metals
  • manufactures
  • chemical products
  • textiles
  • food

Among the countries to which it sends its exports the most are:

  • USA 
  • China
  • France

3. United States (USA)

The United States is one of the reference countries in terms of imports and exports, so it cannot be missing from the list of the countries that export the most in the world. Its percentage of participation of exports in the GDP is around 6.85% and the main products that it exports to other nations are the following:

  • corn
  • soy
  • organic chemicals
  • computers and telecommunications equipment
  • automobiles (and their respective parts)
  • medicines
  • transistors
  • fruit

Now, the countries that receive US products, which are the following:

  • Canada 
  • Mexico
  • China
  • Japan 

4. Netherlands

Another European country is among the first places of the nations that export the most in the world. By 2021, the exports it made increased up to 19.95%, compared to 2020.

A particular fact? Exports occupy 82.4% of its GDP, a very high rate, compared to the rest of the countries that are at the top. Among the main products sold by this nation are:

  • machinery and equipment
  • fuels
  • food
  • chemical products

Now, to which countries does the Netherlands mainly export? The countries to which it sends the largest number of products are the following:

  • USA
  • China
  • Switzerland

5. Japan

Closing the top 5 of this list of countries that export the most, we have Japan. A nation in which its exports fell by 10.9% in 2020 (relative to 2019), while foreign sales comprise 12.71% of its GDP, which is relatively low (especially if we compare it with the Netherlands).

Some of the main products that Japan is responsible for exporting are:

  • vehicles (and auto parts)
  • machinery
  • textiles
  • chemicals
  • semiconductors
  • plastics
  • Iron and steel products

6. Italy

We also have Italy on the list of countries that export the most, whose exports in 2021 had a growth of 18.21% compared to the previous year. In addition, the sales of merchandise sent abroad cover 28.98% of the GDP of this nation.

As for its trade balance, there was a surplus, despite the increase in imports. The products that send the most abroad are the following:

  • clothing and textiles
  • engineering products
  • vehicles, transport equipment, and machinery in general
  • food, drinks, and tobacco
  • minerals
  • nonferrous metals
  • chemical products

Finally, the places that benefit most from Italy’s exports are the following:

  • USA 
  • Switzerland
  • China 

7. France

Like many countries on this list of top exporters, France saw the level of its exports decline during the health crisis caused by COVID-19. However, for 2021 there was an increase of 15.84% in terms of products sold to other countries.

If we talk about how much exports represent GDP, you will see that it has a low percentage, 19.93%. 

The main products exported by France are the following:

  • machinery
  • planes
  • plastics
  • Iron and Steel
  • beverages
  • electronics
  • chemical and pharmaceutical products

In turn, the countries to which it exports the most are the following:

  • Germany 
  • Italy
  • USA 

8. Hong Kong

In this position is Hong Kong, the country with the highest rate in terms of the level of exports with respect to GDP in the world: up to 158.31%! For 2020, sales to other nations increased by 0.56% compared to 2019.

Among the main products that Hong Kong exports are:

  • broadcasting apparatus
  • integrated electronic circuits
  • phones

9. Belgium

Like many of those that make up the list of countries that export the most, in 2021 Belgium’s exports increased compared to 2020 (to be more exact, by 24.87%). And, like Hong Kong, it also has a high rate in terms of export ranking in relation to GDP: up to 91.06%, which places the European nation in fourth place on this particular list.

Mainly, Belgium exports the following products:

  • automobiles
  • medicines
  • petroleum oils or bituminous minerals

As for the destinations of exports, we have that they are the following countries:

  • USA 
  • China
  • Turkey

10. South Korea

Like many of the countries that export the most, overseas sales in South Korea decreased in 2020, in relation to 2019, up to 7.36%. Overseas sales cover 31.23% of GDP.

The main products exported from this nation are:

  • telecommunications equipment
  • automobiles
  • semiconductors
  • steel
  • boats
  • computers
  • petrochemicals

Now, where do these exports go? We have that its main destinations are:

  • China 
  • USA
  • Japan

Author Bio

Srividya is a techie by heart having global working experience in the USA, Europe, and Asia. She is the director and co-founder of MyXBorder, a company that offers Shipping Forwarding Services ( i.e. myntra delivery to UAE, amazon India delivery to the UK, flipkart delivery to the UK, etc ) all over the world. She is an entrepreneur who is always enthusiastic about applying technologies to solve business problems and also a busy mom of 2 who is always exploring ways to make life easier.

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