Programming Languages

Today, in addition to computer programmers, almost all IT jobs require professionals to be familiar with the top programming languages. With so many programming languages being introduced every year, it is difficult to pick the ones you need to master. You need to invest time and even money to learn programming, thus you need to go with the one that takes your career forward.

Programmers and developers who are already working on projects also need to stay updated on the emerging programming languages within the industry.

There are many factors you need to consider while choosing the languages you want to learn, such as the level of difficulty, languages that align with your current coding knowledge, and prerequisite skills you need to learn.

Here are the top 10 programming languages that will rule in 2021:

1. Python: The most user-friendly programming language has to be Python as it’s syntax is English-like and intuitive, just like Java. Python is great for beginners and it is a versatile language. It is highly compatible with trending technologies like Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, thereby making it an appealing language among the development community. This programming language can be used for web development and software development and has enriching features like GUI programming support, rich library support, and automatic garbage collection. Python frameworks like Dianjo, Pyramid, and Flask are convenient to work with as this language can be integrated with other programming languages easily.

2. Kotlin: Whenever android app development is in question, the name ‘Kotlin’ pops up immediately. Ever since Google declared that Kotlin is their preferred programming language for android application development, developers have adopted this language widely. This language is very general-purpose as it supports both functional and object-oriented features. The best feature of Kotlin is that it supports java libraries and is easy to learn along with android development. The Android market is lucrative and hence Kotlin is on top of this list and is a must-learn in 2021.

3. C#: Developed by Microsoft mainly for its .Net framework, C# just like Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language. C# is used mainly for developing server-side applications, windows applications, and game development. It is a fast and efficient programming language as it comes with a rich set of libraries. The key features of C# are faster compilation, scalability, flexibility, and integrates completely with the. Net library. Those who are interesting in developing 2D or 3D video games or are exploring VR development must learn C# in 2021.

4. Go: Go Lang or Go is one of the programming languages favored by google. Those who are interested in the field of systems programming must learn Go. This programming language has an easy to learn syntax and is similar to C++ in functionality. It is compiled to machine code which makes it a fast language and makes concurrent programming simpler. Go can be used for developing GUI applications and web applications. This programming language is gaining traction in the industry with the concepts of distributed systems, cloud computing, and multithreading becoming mainstream.

5. PHP: Even though many consider this language as outdated, PHP is still being utilized by developers. PHP is an open-source server-side programming language that is mainly used for eCommerce applications, content management systems, and website development. The key features of PHP include easy integration with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, cross-platform compatibility, and case sensitivity. This programming language is preferred as there is no need for compilation with PHP.

6.R: Tech companies like Uber, Facebook, and even Google are utilizing the R language as there is a machine learning and data science boom in the industry. R is an open-source programming language with a rich set of libraries and frameworks. It is suitable for Microsoft Windows and GNU/Linux platforms. The key features of R include high extensibility, cross-platform compatibility, strong graphical capabilities, distributed computing, and data variety. This language can interact with databases such as RmySQL, Open Database Connectivity Protocol, and Roracles as it contains several packages. R is compatible with C, C++, Python, Java, and .NET.

7.JavaScript: JavaScript is a renowned programming language that continues to thrive in 2021. In fact, it is the most popular programming language among developers. This language can be utilized for game development, mobile app development as well as web development. JavaScript is great if you are interested in responsive web design. It is a language developers use for both front end and back end development. Frameworks such as Vue, React and Node utilizes JavaScript, thereby making it a must-learn language for web developers. 

8.C/C++: The most functional and fastest programming language on this list is C/C++. This programming language has a stable nature because of its large set of libraries. It can be used for game development, creating stunning computer graphics and virtual reality applications. Learning C/C++ is important for beginners not only from a career viewpoint but also because after learning this language it is easier to pick up other programming languages later. 

9.Ruby: Commonly used for web development, ruby is a programming language used as a basis for the web application framework Ruby on rails. It has the most helpful user communities out there, which is why you must consider learning Ruby in 2021. This programming language has a straightforward syntax and is freely available on the market. Ruby’s extensive copying, using, updating, or distributing features are also reasonably open to developers to just keep on coding without feeling limited.

10.Scala: Scala is a programming language that is statically typed and combines functional and object-oriented programming. It mainly targets the platform JVM (Java Virtual Machine), but can also be used for multiple platforms to write applications. Scala was developed to resolve issues that come with Java. It is the most beginner-friendly programming language on this list and has a significantly growing demand since top online platforms like LinkedIn, eBay, Twitter, and Netflix are utilizing Scala. It is a logical, concise and powerful programming language.

Each programming language serves a different purpose and has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. With older programming languages becoming outdated and new programming languages gaining traction, it is important to start investing in learning them, especially if you are a beginner. The field of computer programming will go through a lot of changes in 2021, however, if you learn a few of the above 10 programming languages you will develop valuable skills and thrive as a programmer. Choose what to learn based on your background in coding and where your interests are.

By Anurag Rathod

Anurag Rathod is an Editor of, who is passionate for app-based startup solutions and on-demand business ideas. He believes in spreading tech trends. He is an avid reader and loves thinking out of the box to promote new technologies.