Stick with this name because soon you will hear a lot about it. This is the graphene one of those materials that have come into our lives to make history.It was first synthesized just 15 years ago and we are confirm that it will revolutionize many industrial sectors, including architecture and construction.
However, graphene is not new, it comes from an old acquaintance, graphite, whose use has been extended for 500 years and that, for example, we can find in pencil mines.Made up of pure carbon atoms, graphene has a solid molecular structure arranged in the shape of a honeycomb.
Despite the fact that graphite has been used for centuries, knowledge about graphene came much later.
The chemical bond and its structure were defined
The chemical bond and its structure were defined in 1930, but it wasn’t until 1994 that it really began.to talk about graphene in circles close to the field of surface science.At that time it was known as graphite monolayer, although it later received the name we know today.
Many nanostructures are made of carbon, in fact. Since nanotechnology is one of the disciplines that has most integrated it in its products.
Molecular graphene Table of contents
1 Graphene the prodigious material
2 Graphene and its properties
3 High thermal and electrical conductivity
3.1 Great hardness and resistance
3.2 Flexibility and lightness
4 Applications of graphene in construction
4.1 Advantages of using graphene in construction
4.2 Related articles
Graphene the prodigious material
construction and graphene
Precisely due to its aforementioned qualities, graphene becomes the ideal material for architecture and construction because it allows a multitude of uses and applications.
Many of them are aimed above all at increasing the energy efficiency of buildings but also at reducing the environmental impact that they will have on their surroundings.In this sense, the use of graphene is especially indicated to improve the thermal insulation of the building envelope.It offers a great insulating effect with the application of just a thin layer. This improves efficiency, saving energy but also space.
On the other hand, thanks precisely to its extraordinary hardness and resistance, graphene mixed with concrete through additives,creates a molecular mesh, increasing its durability and years of useful life by 45% reduces porosity and increases the impermeability around 50% protecting the concrete against the attack of chlorides and carbonation.
It also achieves an increase in safety against earthquakes and natural phenomena since it substantially increases the resistance to compression,bending and traction of the concrete, providing greater ductility to the structure of the building. With all these properties they make it ideal for the construction of pillars, structures, walls, roads or evendams because it will give more solidity to the structures.
constructive elements whose durability over time is very important.
All of them are constructive elements whose durability over time is very important.
Also its high resistance to abrasion, traction and puncture make it very convenient to replace steel.Including it in the composition of the structure of buildings can be very beneficial to extend their useful life.The ability to capture the light that graphene has allows its use in the manufacture of solar panels that until now use silicon to perform this function. Graphene allows the sun’s rays to be converted into energy.
They are even working on the possibility of applying this material directly together with others directly.on the surface of roofs and walls of houses and buildings. This is how you can increase your energy proficiency. in addition to contributing to the decarbonisation of the Spanish real estate stock.In fact, its versatility also allows the manufacture of cables for solar panels with graphene. Actually, of all types of cables since its great conductivity joins its flexibility, which is another of its main qualities and makes it ideal for this type of product.
mixed with other materials to optimize its performance.
On the other hand, one of the most frequent uses comes when it is mixed with other materials to optimize its performance.This is the case of graphene airgel, which is applied for the coating and protection of tubes and also for insulation.In addition, its high conductivity makes it very convenient for the manufacture of batteries because it allows them to be more efficient, increasing its duration and also shortening the loading times
high thermal and electrical conductivity
Another of its best properties is the high thermal and electrical conductivity that can help to improve significantly the performance of air conditioning installations in buildings through, for example, better and more efficient cables.Its presence in the pipes and taps acts as a water purifier,so the inhabitants of the home where they are placed will drink cleaner water free of impurities.
Advantages of using graphene in construction
Regarding by its excellent qualities, after electronics and energy, it is clear that the architecture and construction sectors, they are the ones that can best exploit the potential of graphene.
One of the great advantages is that graphene, being composed of carbon, is an organic material. So much so, that one of the disciplines that is also developing it is surgery.
The human body does not reject grafts made from this material.
Returning to construction, graphene, when reacting with other substances, allows the manufacture of materials from combinations. This can greatly improve the performance of some of these materials and even create new ones by improving their own properties.
Graphene helps, for example, to fight oxidation, humidity or even fire, since it confers them the properties of resistance and hardness. This is precisely what prevents wear or abrasion from occurring.
architecture and graphene
But not only these two qualities are innovative. The introduction of graphene in construction brings other great advantages.Its flexibility and high thermal and electrical conductivity save many costs because they improve considerably efficiency in heating and air conditioning systems. In this sense, they help reduce carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.
Arguments that do not forget the long-term savings in repairs if the original materials of a building last longer and in better condition.
graphene is undoubtedly the material of the future
Although it is still in the development phase, graphene is undoubtedly the material of the future. Its presence is abundant in nature although it is not yet produced on a large scale. However, the forecast is good, it will soon show a more affordable cost even than silicon.Its applications are so varied that it can practically be used to manufacture all kinds of new materials and greatly improve existing ones.
In Spain, in addition, there is an abundance of graphite mines, which is why in our country it becomes an accessible material with a reduced cost. In fact, there are already several Spanish companies dedicated to the exploitation and sale of graphene.
We will soon see this material in all kinds of products and we will be able to benefit from its properties to improve our quality of life and health.