We all know that India is an agricultural country, where the livelihood of 70 percent of people is still based on agriculture. Almost all types of agricultural products are being exported from India worldwide. In addition, India grows many kinds of spices in the world, like cardamom, clove, black pepper, and red chilli are many spices. Andhra Pradesh is the biggest state growing all the herbs together, followed by Kerala.
Spices have been cultivated in India for centuries. Most of the country’s farmers also earn huge profits from developing herbs. There are some such spices in Indian spices, which can be cultivated only in certain areas. Still, due to scientists’ hard work and research. Such varieties have been developed, now being produced in different parts of the country. One such spice crop is black pepper. Black pepper is an important spice crop in Indian spices. Most of the cultivation of black pepper is done in the southern states, but now its area has increased.
Production of Black Pepper
The taste of Indian spices is famous worldwide, and Indian herbs are considered full of Ayurvedic properties. Black pepper is mainly cultivated in states like Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. However, black pepper is also being produced in the hilly areas of Maharashtra, Coorg, Malawar, Cochin, Travancore, and Assam. Nowadays, Chhattisgarh has also become a hotspot for black pepper cultivation. Moreover, the Eicher 485 tractor model is suitable for farming purposes.
Properties & Uses of Black Pepper
Black pepper, rich in Ayurvedic properties, is a spice that not only enhances the taste of food but also helps in providing many benefits to the body. Black pepper can also be used to increase immunity. Nutrients from black pepper can help protect against problems like colds, coughs and viral flu. Black pepper is also considered beneficial for infections. It is widely used as a spice in Indian food. In Western countries, it is used in the canning of various types of meat, as a seasoning for food, and as a spice.
Information Related to Black Pepper
The effect of black pepper is that it is hot, so it is very beneficial for health in winter. The cultivation of black pepper is developed in the form of a bush. Farmer brothers can easily take production by planting the plants taken from the nursery after taking the training. Farmer brothers associated with horticulture can earn double the profit from its cultivation because its plants grow with the help of trees.
The special thing about black pepper cultivation is that it produces very well without effort. All the farmers planning to cultivate black pepper will be happy to know that a huge amount of black pepper is exported annually from India. If developed properly, the production of black pepper is very good. The scope of loss remains absolutely nil.
Climate & Soil
Black pepper can be cultivated in different types of soil. But both red laterite and red soil are the most suitable for its cultivation. Because in this type of soil, the chances of rotting or spoiling the roots of the plants are very less due to overwatering. Soil pH for its cultivation. The value should be between 5 and 6. Black pepper is cultivated in humid tropical regions with adequate rainfall and humidity.
A hot and humid climate is perfect for its cultivation. It can be cultivated at an altitude of up to 1500 metres above sea level between 20 degrees north and south latitude. While the average temperature is between 23-32 degree Celsius, 28 degree Celsius temperature is more suitable for its cultivation.
When can black pepper be planted, and in which month would it be better to plant it, according to the scientific method, it would be better if you grow it in the middle of September. While planting black pepper, do some irrigation also, which helps in the germination of its crop. Black pepper can also be produced by cutting or transplanted by pen method. For plantation, Powertrac euro 50 is an appropriate tractor model for farmers.
White pepper is made from black pepper. For this reason, it should be harvested on time after flowering on the pepper plant. But after breaking them, they are given black and white form. Its upper peel is removed by putting its fruit in water to make white pepper. Then it is dried in the sun for three to four days. Due to this, their colour starts appearing white. For black pepper, its fruit is allowed to ripen completely. When the colour of the fruit changes from green to bright orange, then the fruit is fully ripe. After which it is separated from the plant. The fruits of black pepper are found in bunches, later broken and separated.