sql server error 5172

Summary:  This article answers the user query, i.e. SQL Server Error 5172 

If you have a similar query, don’t worry; in this article, we are going to discuss MS SQL Server header error 5172. Also, we are mentioning the ways to perform this operation.

The SQL Server database consists of two operating system files: a data file and a log file. Data files contain information such as data and other database objects like tables, views, and indexes. However, the log file has details regarding each one of the transactions.

There are two files Primary MDF and secondary NDF store files on pages in a continuous manner, and it starts with zero. Every page has its own exclusive ID to easily separate it from the database. and every first page of the file is a header page. 

The page header is located at the top margin of each page in the paper and includes all the details and attributes of the file. When the header information does not match or align with the remaining files, this results in SQL Server Error 5172, indicating a header issue.

Why File Size Property is Incorrect in SQL Server Error 5172

This tool enables users to easily repair header errors and supports SQL Server versions 2019, 2017, 2016, and others. Additionally, it allows users to recover deleted records and restore them to their original locations.

  1. System Shutdown: If your system suddenly shuts down while running, it becomes very difficult for the user to pinpoint the actual error. There is a chance of an error.
  1. Interruption in SSMS due to multiple transactions: In SSMS, if a user runs multiple transactions simultaneously, it can cause a clash, leading to SQL Server Error 5172. Server 2014, 2017, 2019, and 2022 versions.
  1. Hardware failure: The database should be checked and tracked daily from time to time. This is very important. because the physical components involved in storing and managing data can experience issues that lead to errors.
  1. Malware attack: This is the most common reason for encountering Microsoft SQL Error 5172, often due to cyber attacks. Since the timing of these attacks is unpredictable, users should be prepared in advance for such incidents.

There are so many reasons why the file size property can become incorrect, making the database inaccessible. If an error occurred while attaching the file, users might encounter SQL error 5172.

Automated Solution to Resolve  MS SQL Server Header  Error 5172 

This solution is the best and also solves the issue. SysTools SQL Recovery is software that can fix both the MDF and NDF files and the file export into a live SQL Server environment, along with other SQL Server-compatible scripts. 

With the help of this tool, users can easily repair header errors, and it supports SQL Server 2019, 2017, 2016, and other versions. This tool also allows users to recover deleted records and restore them to their original place. this software allows users to solve databases using two scanning modes Quick Scan and Advance Scan. 

Note, This software generates a preview of all scanned and rectified database items, such as columns, keys, indexes, triggers, etc. But before all these things, you should know the important benefits of the software. 

Working Steps to Fix Microsoft SQL Error 5172

Here are the steps to resolve the SQL Server Error 5712 issue:

  1. Firstly, launch the software on your window.
  2. Now click on the open button and open the MDF whose header is damaged.
  1. After opening the MDF file, choose the scan mode and SQL MDF file version.  If you want to see deleted records, you can check the previously deleted records.
  1. Now the tool will start to scan the database file and repair the database from corrupted files. Deleted records show up in red to make them easy to see.
  1. Now there is an option to select the mode, export the new MDF file, and fix the 5172 error safely. 
  1. Finally, click on export and export SQL database files. 

Manual Techniques to Restore SQL Server Error  5172

Almost all organizations have backups, and a good way to solve the Microsoft SQL Server header error 5172 is by restoring the backup data. But there are some situations where the backup takes the same location, and in this situation, the SQL backup file may get corrupted.

Please follow the below steps:

Step 1: The SQL Server instance you need to stop.

Step 2: After that, copy the MDF and LDF files to another location on the system.

Step 3: Now delete the original MDF and LDF files.

Step 4: Again, start the SQL Server instance.

Step 5: Create a new database with the same database and the same file name.

Step 6: Stop the SQL Server Management Studio.

Step 7: Overwrite the newly created MDF and LDF database files. Now we need to check if the 5172 error is resolved or not.

 Here are Some Critical Limitations while Executing Manually

  • The user always needed more time to resolve this error.
  • The manual method does not provide any surety to resolve this. MS SQL Server Header Error 5172.
  • If this method is not performed safely and carefully, it can be highly risky and cause unchangeable damage to the database.


In this article, we have discussed the most common solution users face with SQL Server error 5172.  In-depth, we discuss the Why File Size Property is Incorrect in SQL Server Error 5172. We have also provided the manual method, but the manual method does not require the surety to solve this issue, so in this condition, the user can go with the automated tool to resolve the issue quickly and surely. I hope this article will provide you with instructions on how to use it.

By Anurag Rathod

Anurag Rathod is an Editor of Appclonescript.com, who is passionate for app-based startup solutions and on-demand business ideas. He believes in spreading tech trends. He is an avid reader and loves thinking out of the box to promote new technologies.