Spider Mites: Symptoms and Treatment

Pesky mites are called spider mites to take up the house on our plants during the humid summer months. What are their objectives? Penetrate and feed upon leaves to prevent spider mite damage to your plants. The best way to avoid future infestations would be to recognize the signs of an infestation and take help of an effective spider mites control service. 

Spider mites: What are they?

Spider mites (Tetranychus urticae) are in the Arachnid family and gardens because they feed on plants. A spider mite measures less than one millimeter, so while they may swarm in colonies, it isn’t easy to see them. 

Red, green, yellow, and brown spider mites are among the colors spider mites come in. One of the most commonly encountered types of indoor mites is the red spider mite. They can hatch in just three days if the conditions are right.

Life Cycle:

Mites overwinter as eggs on host plant leaves and bark. Tiny six-legged larvae hatch early in the spring as temperatures warm, feed for a few days and then seek shelter. Where they transform into their first nymphal stage. The nymphs molt twice before becoming adults.

Within two weeks of mating, females produce up to 300 eggs. It may take as little as five days for an egg to become an adult under hot, dry conditions. Every year, multiple generations overlap.

This insect affects the following crops:

  • Beans, Snap, Dry, and Lima
  • Celery
  • Cucumber, Muskmelon, and Watermelon
  • Pepper
  • Pumpkin, Squash, and Gourds
  • Tomato, Field
  • Tomato, Greenhouse

Spider Mites: What effect do they have on plants?

This growth in spider mite populations can infiltrate indoor and outdoor plants. Plants may become weakened or diseased because of insects adhering to their leaves. It steals nutrients from plants by consuming the chlorophyll at the base of leaves. 

As the temperatures rise. These arachnids become an extensive irritation during the spring and summer. Within five days of hatching, larvae reach sexual maturity.

The symptoms:

Yellow spots appear on the leaf’s upper surfaces and may appear chlorotic as the disease progresses. The leaves thus appear speckled. When spider mites feed on the leaves of certain plants, like okra, cotton, coffee, and tea, the leaves can change color.

Brown, purple, or bronze are common colors for the targeting leaves. A tan or yellow crust forms over the lower leaf surface caused by webbing and spider mites.

When the green cassava mite feeds on cassava leaves, they become stunted and deformed. It looks like a candlestick when the terminal leaves die and fall off during a severe attack.

Leaves become reddened, wilted, and fall from severe invasions. Spider mites (like T. evansi) produce large amounts of webbing. Plants and leaves will have a pleasing cobwebby appearance with heavy infestations. When severe infestations occur, plants die.

Treatment for Spider Mites:

There are many natural, homemade remedies for controlling spider mites, and insecticides tend to lack effectiveness on many spider mites. Try these pest control methods to stop the spread of spider mites quickly.

Make a solution of soap:

A liquid dish detergent and water solution can eliminate invasive spider mites, suffocating them and preventing breeding. Shake up one quart of lukewarm water with one teaspoon of liquid dish soap, pour it into a spray bottle, and you are done.

As long as the mites are still present, apply the soap to the leaves periodically.

Apply rubbing alcohol:

A second miticide that is effective against predatory spider mites is rubbing alcohol. Dab some rubbing alcohol onto a tissue or cotton ball to clean a leaf. Hold the leaf stretched and lightly blot the area with the wettened item.

Spider mites will be dehydrated and killed. Then rinse the dead mites with a garden hose a few hours later. Dilute your rubbing alcohol if your plants are sensitive. Spray the infested plants with one part rubbing alcohol and three parts water.

Recruit useful predators:

The predatory mites that eat spider mites include ladybugs, thrips, and lacewings. It is harmful to use pesticides on beneficial insects and make sure the flower bed and garden beds are watered regularly.

Effective spider mite control for indoor plants can help to remove predatory insects and mites. Place the insects in pots. They can eat hundreds of mites per day and are not injurious to people, plants, or pets.

Make use of neem oil:

Natural pesticides like horticultural oil don’t harm animals, humans, or pets. And they quickly kill spider mites with their suffocating properties.

In a spray bottle, mix one tablespoon of water with one tablespoon of water, and spray over the affected foliage. Ensure that neem oil does not get on clothing or furniture when using it.

Use rosemary oil:

Pets and humans can use it safely, but it kills spider mites. To make the mixture, add one teaspoon of rosemary oil to one quart of water and stir well. Spray the solution on the infested plants after pouring the solution into a spray bottle.

As it is safe for use on fruits, vegetables, and houseplants, rosemary oil is a great pest control solution. 

Spider mites damage plants. Here’s how to deal with it:

If you want your plants to succeed after treatment for spider mites, you must take good care of them.

Remove any affected leaves:

Sometimes, a leaf may be lost too far to save and must be rejected. This will prevent waste of nutrients and maintain the overall health of the plant.

Put the leaf in a garbage bag and remove it from your house to prevent pests from returning. Pruning a leaf should be followed by caring for any remaining leaves. Or taking the help of an effective spider mites control service, as they can help to maintain your plants in the very best way.

Identify new plants:

If you suspect their presence on other plants or in the garden, keep them away from all others. It is best to keep newly planted plants far from infested areas. Getting rid of spider mites infestations on your plants is easy with an effective spider mites control service

Feed them carefully:

Your plant will be more sensitive after being treated to damaged leaves. You need to ensure the soil gets enough sunlight and water by checking if it is dry or too saturated. Avoid moving the plant or disturbing its ecosystem so it can fully recover.

To conclude,

This article will help you better understand spider mites, their identification, and how to eliminate them. Also, you can choose an effective spider mites control service to solve mites issues in a short time.