bad breath

Bad breath, unfortunately, the patient with bad breath does not realize this fact until the humiliating moment when a friend informs him. Chronic bad breath is called halena and often occurs among smokers or people who do not have proper oral hygiene. The presence of halena can also indicate other diseases of the oral cavity, such as: abscesses, caries or other diseases of the gums or tongue.

Approximately 85% of the causes of bad breath originate in the oral cavity, and the remaining 15% are caused by diseases of the respiratory or gastrointestinal tract.

If halena occurs only in the morning, it means that the patient suffers from the feeling of dry mouth, which can appear if the patient breathes through the mouth during sleep or because of some medications or some diseases.

Helena can be a symptom of diseases such as: tonsillitis , sinusitis , pharyngitis , but also other diseases of the respiratory tract, as well as kidney or liver diseases. Occasionally, bad breath occurs due to gastrointestinal conditions, such as: constipation , indigestion , gastric ulcer. Also, any condition that causes vomiting, for example bulimia, can lead to bad breath.

Certain eating habits, in exceptional cases, can cause bad breath; it is the case of the patient who has a diet low in carbohydrates, but rich in fats and proteins.According to studies, halena can affect two out of every three persons who follow such a diet. 

Sweet Breath

If the patient’s breath is slightly sweet, it may mean that it has a high content of acetone or other chemicals, which warns the patient that he may suffer from diabetes and that the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood is not under control. Medically, this condition is known as diabetic acidosis and is a medical emergency.If the glucose level in the blood is not balanced in the shortest possible time, it can lead to a diabetic coma or even death.

Breath With The Smell Of Garlic

If your mouth smells of garlic, even if you have not consumed this vegetable in the last 24 hours, it means that you may suffer from selenium poisoning, which is why this antioxidant should not be administered in large doses. In addition to food supplements, selenium can be found in: peanuts, meat, seafood and garlic.

Other symptoms of selenium poisoning: tooth decay, skin discoloration, hair loss, nail or eye diseases.

Selenium poisoning can lead to neurological diseases and in extreme cases it can cause lung diseases, cirrhosis or even death.

Ammonia-Smelling Breath

Ammonia-smelling breath can be a symptom of kidney disease. Since people with diabetes and hypertension have an increased risk of suffering from kidney diseases, they should pay close attention to this warning sign.

Breath With The Smell Of Fish

Breath with the smell of fish can be an obvious sign that the patient has followed a diet with food supplements based on fish to benefit from the properties of omega-3 fatty acids. But the appearance of fishy breath can also indicate a kidney condition.

Breath With The Smell Of Feces

Breathing with the smell of feces can signal the existence of gastrointestinal diseases, such as: gastroesophageal reflux – a condition characterized by the reflux of gastric acid into the esophagus.

Breathing with these characteristics can also indicate a rather controversial condition about which not much is known, called intestinal hyperpermeability – it is characterized by a porous intestinal mucosa. As the studies show, toxins and some undigested food components pass into the blood system, leading to the appearance of food allergies and autoimmune diseases.

But breathing with the smell of feces can also indicate diseases such as: intestinal occlusion , bulimia or respiratory diseases.


Many people think that the teeth must be an immaculate white, but in reality it has different shades, a fact that is not influenced by the toothpaste or mouthwash used.

The enamel of the teeth is translucent, so the teeth take on the color of the dentin. A substance of a dark yellow color, which is immediately under the enamel.

Yellow-Brown Teeth

The teeth start to take on a yellow-brown shade with age. At any other age, the yellowing of the teeth indicates that the patient smokes a lot. Consumes a lot of coffee, tea or carbonated drinks.

Teeth with a metallic or blue-green color

Teeth tend to take on a greenish, blue-green or even brown hue after consecutive exposure to some metals. Exposure can occur at work or during a dental procedure. The shade of the color depends on the metal or the chemical reactions. That occur upon contact with the germs in the oral cavity.

For example, following the exposure of the teeth to iron, magnesium or silver, the shade of the teeth darkens. Mercury leads to a blue-green hue, while copper and nickel can give teeth blue-green hues.Inhaling certain substances. Such as chromic acid, will give your teeth an orange tint. Excessive exposure to an iodine solution or spending a long time in swimming pools where chloride has placed can lead to a brown shade of the teeth.

Gray-Blue Teeth

Most patients know that the administration of tetracycline during pregnancy leads to discoloration of the child’s teeth. Discoloration of the child’s teeth can also occur when the child follows tetracycline treatment during the period of tooth development.

In the case of adults, blue-grey teeth may appear after long-term. Treatment with minocycline – a type of tetracycline prescribed to treat acne or rheumatoid arthritis.

Stained Teeth

The presence of stains on the teeth is due to enamel fluoridation. That is, exposure to fluorides through the consumption of highly fluoridated water, toothpaste or mouthwash. As a rule, these spots are small, opaque and in shades of white, but the problem worsens when the spots become brown and the teeth appear decayed. While this condition appears since childhood, when the teeth begin to exposed to fluoride, the brown spots appear later.

It should mentioned that these spots only unsightly and do not show signs of dental diseases.

Stripes On The Teeth

If you notice small lines on the surface of the teeth. It may be a sign of excessive consumption of oranges and lemons; the citric acid in these and other foods can lead to tooth erosion.

If a “V”-shaped lesion appears at the base of the tooth, near the gum. It may be a sign that the patient is brushing his teeth too zealously. Or that the toothbrush is hard and damages both the enamel and the gums. These lesions also appear if the patient used to grinding his teeth. Intentionally or involuntarily during the night – medical condition known as bruxism .

Teeth With A Glassy Appearance

Especially the teeth in the lower part of the oral cavity can have a glassy appearance. A warning sign that the patient may suffer from osteoporosis. It might also indicate that the patient has bulimia. Repeated bouts of vomiting lead to “bathing” the teeth in gastric acid, which has the ability to erode the enamel. According to studies. More than 99% of people suffering from bulimia have tooth enamel erosion.

Broken Teeth

If you are among the 20% of adults in the world who grind their teeth during the day. And among the 8% who do this while sleeping, you can notice fractures in the back of the teeth – a sign that you suffer from bruxism. At the moment, it believed that bruxism is much more destructive than caries. Because by grinding the protective enamel of the teeth damaged. Leading to the appearance of tooth sensitivity, caries, gingivitis and finally to tooth loss.Dental Clinic, we take care of your awesome smile.

By Anurag Rathod

Anurag Rathod is an Editor of, who is passionate for app-based startup solutions and on-demand business ideas. He believes in spreading tech trends. He is an avid reader and loves thinking out of the box to promote new technologies.