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What Is Tooth Sensitivity And How To Get Rid Of It?

What Is Tooth Sensitivity And How To Get Rid Of It?

Strong tooth sensitivity is observed in more than half of the population. Hypersensitivity of teeth is a disease that affects areas of the root and tooth. It occurs due to the abrasion of tooth enamel or problems with the gums when dentin is opened. Usually, enamel hyperesthesia appears with age but this disease can also be inherited. Most often, hypersensitivity develops due to the thinning of enamel and gum abrasion. Most often, the symptoms are observed on the front teeth, which are painfully responsive to biting, hot, and cold. Hypersensitivity can be manifested to sweet, and sour, discomforts occur when brushing your teeth. Some patients experience pain when inhaling cold air. For example, if your child is suffering from such a problem, then you may also consult a children dentist in Canberra or your nearby place.

So, this write-up will explain in detail about tooth sensitivity and how can you get rid of it. Let’s have a look.

Table of Content

What is Tooth Sensitivity?

What Causes Tooth Sensitivity?

  • Systemic Causes
  • Non-Systemic Reasons

How to Treat Tooth Hypersensitivity

  • Ointments and Gels
  • Rinsers
  • Toothpaste for Sensitive Teeth
  • Proper Brushing
  • Treatment in the Dental Office

Overall Takeaway!

What is Tooth Sensitivity?

Always cautiously eat ice cream and patiently wait for the coffee to cool? Sensitivity (hyperesthesia) of teeth is a condition in which a patient experiences toothache associated with thinning of enamel or lowering of the gums. The most common cause of tooth hypersensitivity is the exposure of roots as a result of gum prolapse. Since the enamel does not cover the roots of the teeth, the thousands of minute tubules leading to the pulp with nerve fibers are also exposed. When exposed to temperature or tactile stimuli on the tooth tissue, pain occurs.

Late treatment for the diagnosis of tooth sensitivity can lead to the development of other diseases of the oral cavity. This is especially true if the pain prevents you from brushing your teeth thoroughly, which can lead to the accumulation of plaque, and then to periodontal disease. If you have unpleasant sensations, then you should contact your dentist to undergo a course of special treatment. The doctor will conduct a diagnosis to identify the cause of the discomfort, perform the necessary manipulations to close the nerve tubules, strengthen the enamel, and eliminate soreness.

What Causes Tooth Sensitivity?

Dentists distinguish two groups of development of increased sensitivity of tooth enamel – systemic and non-systemic.

Systemic Causes

  • The lack of minerals like calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and many others does not only affect the condition of the oral cavity but also throughout the body. High tooth sensitivity is the first indicator that the body does not receive the necessary substances.
  • Infections and viruses get on the mucous membrane and in the oral cavity, which can create problems in the oral cavity. Actually, microbes enter the nerve endings, which cause discomfort and pain.
  • Diseases of the stomach not only change the microflora but also affect the composition of saliva, which directly affects the enamel. If the composition of saliva is changed, then it begins to gradually destroy tooth enamel and increase sensitivity.
  • Endocrine disorders also affect the condition of the oral cavity.
  • Increased tooth sensitivity is also observed in pregnant women. This is due to the fact that the hormonal background changes and the body needs additional nutrition with vitamins and minerals.
  • Hormonal contraceptives also affect tooth sensitivity.
  • Stress and mental problems.

Non-Systemic Reasons

  • Permanent exposure to the enamel of various acids. Acids are usually found in citrus juices, fruits. But the greatest harm is caused by acids that are in the composition of sweet carbonated drinks.
  • Continuous use of whitening products (gels, toothpaste).Bleaching agents penetrate deeply into the enamel and remove age spots, which can whiten the tooth surface. But the prolonged use of such funds begins to destroy the enamel. Therefore, after the bleaching procedure, the patient experiences hyperesthesia, which disappears after a couple of days. You just need to carefully use the whitening gels and toothpaste, so as not to destroy the tooth enamel.
  • Hardtoothbrushesalso affect the development of sensitivity, as they do not only damage enamel but also scratch the gum tissue. Over time, the gum begins to move away from the surface of the tooth, exposing the dentin. It is best to use a brush with soft bristles or medium hardness.
  • Pathological abrasion of dental tissues, which is observed in a certain percentage of the population and leads to hypersensitivity. In this case, you must constantly be monitored by a doctor to avoid many dental problems.
  • The initial stage of development of caries.Sick teeth react sharply to temperature changes and sweets. In this case, the pain can persist up to several minutes.
  • Mechanical injuries like chips or microcracks.If such injuries are not healed in time, then the enamel is destroyed and exposes the nerve endings. The microtraumas, which are almost impossible to notice with the naked eye, appear due to bad habits like chewing seeds, biting a thread, opening plastic packaging with your teeth, etc.

How to Treat Tooth Hypersensitivity

Dentists offer several methods to reduce tooth sensitivity. However, to achieve the effect, treatment should be under the supervision of a doctor, and all therapy should be prescribed by a professional dentist.

Ointments and Gels

They help to get rid of severe pain if the sensitivity of the teeth has aggravated under the influence of external factors like whitening, filling, removal. The following tools for this are President Sensitive, Fluocal, and GC Tooth Mousse. Ointments are applied with cotton buds directly to the enamel, after the procedure it is recommended not to eat 30 minutes.

Rinsers

These are mouth rinse preparations that help reduce the sensitivity of tooth enamel. Rinse should be done immediately after eating. To simplify the procedure, oral irrigators help in this. These are simple and can effectively clean the interdental space with the pressure of water or a special tool.

Toothpaste for Sensitive Teeth

Teeth with a high level of sensitivity require special toothpaste with increased content of fluoride and calcium. With tooth hypersensitivity, pastes with a whitening effect cannot be used.

Proper Brushing

How do you brush your teeth? More and more people are suffering from hyperesthesia due to not correctly brushing their teeth. So, it is recommended that you do not use hard toothbrushes and never make sharp longitudinal movements when cleaning. Teeth need to be cleaned with a slight movement from the gums to the edge of the tooth. The sharp pressing movements erase the enamel. So, an ideal way to brush with high tooth sensitivity is to combine a toothbrush with soft bristles. A toothpaste with a therapeutic effect and rinse with an irrigator to remove jammed food and prevent it. A toothbrush should be used 2 times a day.

Treatment in the Dental Office

If you notice that the teeth have become too sensitive, you should consult a dentist who will prescribe complex therapy. All decoctions, gels, ointments, or pastes can be used but it is better to do this as directed by a doctor. In difficult cases, when the teeth have reached the third stage of hyperesthesia, a mandatory visit to the doctor is necessary. For example, the emergency dentist Canberra will help you in removing the hypersensitivity of your tooth. Based on the results of the analyzes and individual characteristics of the patient, a course of treatment is determined or procedures and operations are prescribed in the dentist’s office.

Overall Takeaway!

Treatment of hypersensitivity of the teeth should not be put off the shelf, as strong sensitivity is the first sign of many diseases. Therefore, you must regularly visit the dentist’s office and conduct a full examination. With proper and timely treatment, this problem can be eliminated. The main thing is not to start the situation.

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