About two-thirds of mobile applications fail to hit the 1000 download mark in their starting year after their launch, whereas 24% of the mobile phone users abandon mobile apps after the first visit. Choosing the wrong technology stack is one of the primary reasons for the failure of mobile applications. A wrong technology stack in mobile app development not only burns a hole in your pocket but also fails to entice your target customers. And the best part is that choosing the right technology is not too difficult also.
Here in this blog, I will mention some significant technology stacks for mobile app development that you need to know about. Here I will also list down some latest technologies that help you build your mobile applications in less time. So, let’s begin.
In order to build secure, scalable and robust mobile applications, you need to make smarter decisions which are related to the below technology aspects:
- Backend (Server Side) Technologies
- Front-end (Client-Side) Technologies
- Mobile App Development Platforms
- Non-functional Requirements
- Backend (Server Side) Technology Stack for Mobile App Development
- Front-end (Client-Side) Technology Stack for Mobile Application
- Native mobile applications
- iOS technology stack
- Android Tech Stack
- Benefits of Native Mobile App Development
- Hybrid or Cross-Platform Mobile Apps
- Here are Some Top Hybrid Mobile App Technology
- Have a look at some advantages of hybrid mobile apps
- Progressive Web Apps
- A toolkit of Progressive Web Application
- Advantages of Progressive Web Application
- Mobile App Development Platforms
- Non-functional Requirements
- Network dependency
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Backend (Server Side) Technology Stack for Mobile App Development
If you choose the right backend technology for your mobile application, you need not compromise with slow running apps. You can develop high performing mobile apps by using the best backend mobile app development technology that involves LAMP (Apache, Linux, PHP, MySQL) or MEAN (ExpressJS, MongoDB, AngularJS, Node.js).
Besides, LAMP is considered as one of the trustworthy mobile app development technology stacks that supports the even sophisticated enterprise web apps strategies. Also, using Node.js, mobile app developers create an event-driven architecture in order to improve user experience and reduce mobile app loading time.
Front-end (Client-Side) Technology Stack for Mobile Application
Developing a single-platform mobile application does not help companies gain a competitive advantage. Get full appearance across multiple platforms and channels to reach the broader target audience, maximize your return on investment (RoI) and increase sales.
By supporting and integrating technologies across platforms, mobile applications run seamlessly on various operating systems. In order to provide the next level experience for the users, companies must choose a hybrid, native and progressive web applications based on personal business requirements.
Native mobile applications
Most of the mobile apps we use are native apps. It is specifically created to work effectively in a specific mobile operating system. In addition to this, these applications are a little pricey as companies need to create duplicate versions of the same application. Also, it takes some enhancements to the mobile app to make it compatible with various other platforms.
iOS technology stack
Have a look at various programming languages come in iOS technology stack:
It is a very functional programming language and widely used. It enables programmers to write less error-prone code by rendering online support for text strings and data processing. Swift also incorporates dynamic libraries that can be loaded directly into the memory.
The exceptional programming language reduces the size of the mobile application and eventually enhances the performance of the mobile application. It’s easy to maintain, and it’s a technology that does the code readable, reusable, and safe. Also, it allows mobile app developers to create high-performance applications with fewer failures.
On the other hand, Objective C was initially used as the principal programming language for the iOS mobile app development before Swift appeared. This language has object-oriented capabilities and a dynamic operating environment. With the development of Swift, Objective C is less likely to be practised by iPhone mobile application developers. However, it is a crucial part of the iOS technology package when developers have to implement very complex and large-scale projects.
Xcode is IDE for developing Apple-compatible user interface. They are allowed to develop and launch original mobile applications in the Apple Store. It is congruous with all Apple devices from iPhone, iPad, Mac, Apple Watch and Apple TV. Moreover, it can be used with a plethora of tools and supports many programming languages.
iPhone AppCode, a third-party developer, chooses as an alternative to Xcode. They claim that AppCode allows more agile encoding than Xcode. Well, Xcode has the next-level ability to generate application interfaces without writing any code, so there is no clear competitor to this IDE.
Android Tech Stack
Have a look at various programming languages used in the development of android mobile applications:
Java is a programming language widely used worldwide, not only for the Android platform but also for the big data, web, and many more. It also offers a plethora of tools and open source libraries. In addition to this, technology giants like Facebook, Google, Yahoo and others are continually developing technology to achieve faster improvement with higher quality. Java is suitable for the Android technology stack if you want to produce complex projects with greater scalability.
Kotlin was launched in the year 2011 by JetBrains, a third party contributor to this technology. Google announced it’s a secondary language for Android mobile app development in the year 2017, and since then it has become the preferred choice of various Android app development company. It is fully interoperable with Java, so app developers can continuously create an existing Java project using Kotlin technology.
Moreover, Kotlin has a clean and robust architecture that allows programmers to write 25-35% less code as compared to Java. Furthermore, it allows mobile app developers to create more stable codecs with only a few errors.
It’s the Google IDE that supports Android app developers to build native Android apps. Although Android Studio conflicts with Xcode, it is accessible on Mac OS. in addition to this; Android Studio runs on every popular PC operating system.
Benefits of Native Mobile App Development
- Highest Security
- Faster Performance
- Device Notifications
- Better User Experience
- Greater Responsiveness
- Access to Device Hardware or Software (camera, contact, compass, GPS, accelerometer, etc.)
- Work Offline
- Gesture Control
Hybrid or Cross-Platform Mobile Apps
Here are Some Top Hybrid Mobile App Technology
- Sencha Touch
- Apache Cordova/Adobe PhoneGap
- AppGuyver Steroids.js
Have a look at some advantages of hybrid mobile apps
- Multi-platform Compatibility
- Easy Portability
- One Code Base Development
- Faster Speed to Market
- Access to a plethora of hardware & software capabilities within plug-ins
Progressive Web Apps
Progressive apps are not actually mobile apps. Moreover, it has an HTML5-based development that provides users with an original look. It also works in the web browser. In addition to this, ith the increasing use of HTML5, it becomes challenging to differentiate between current web pages and web applications.
A toolkit of Progressive Web Application
- Angular JS
- React JS
- lonic 2
Advantages of Progressive Web Application
- Easy to Maintain
- A common code-based development
- Run-on multiple mobile platforms
Mobile App Development Platforms
The demand for mobile app development, governance and standardization are increasing with each passing day. To promote low-code development features, mobile app development companies must adopt appropriate platforms. Also, this is not an integral part of the mobile app development technology package, but it does play a crucial role in improving the development process. In order to choose the best platform, it is also essential to analyze it by looking:
- Ease of integration with the APIs, database, and backend systems
- Integrated mobile app development environment– functionality and features of multi-channel (mobile & web apps and wearable) and multi-platform (devices and OSs)
- Seamless integration of core mobile app development backend services such as geo-location services, offline synchronization, token management, push notifications, authentication, and certification, to name a few.
- Integration of app development lifecycle tools that contain architecture development, design, app testing, support and deployment.
Most of the businesses trust their app development companies in order to develop and maintain mobile applications as they need to focus on core business operations. However, do not trust anyone blindly. The application development company can suggest a set of technologies that have proven experience in it. Using these technologies increases your overall investment and may not meet the needs of your business. To choose a suitable mobile application technology package, you should examine the following aspects.
One of the main purposes of mobile application development is to expand the business from home to global. If you host the mobile app on a local server, it may not check its parameters. Local servers may take too long time to respond to global requests.
Suppose Your mobile application is hosted on a local California server. A customer from Japan visits the app. In such cases, the request travels across continents to get the request server, increasing the load time by 3-5 seconds and more. This amount of time is enough for the user to leave their mobile application.
Launch your mobile app on CDN. It has exceptional capabilities for storing frequently used resources or fixed resources on content distribution nodes near the user’s geographical locations. CDN guarantees fast download and faster response. It is undoubtedly the best solution for B2C websites, but it also offers an excellent experience for mobile phone users.
Native and mobile HTML5-based applications work efficiently without an Internet connection. But HTML5-based apps have buffering restrictions within the browser. Businesses must analyze and determine the type of behaviour they want from mobile applications on high-latency, low-bandwidth networks. Companies must specify response time, acceptable query time, and data processing time when applying service level agreements (SLAs).
Cybersecurity has always been a huge challenge for the technology industry. Mobile apps also face poor data storage problems. That is why all payment and banking applications provide a password and login access for unavoidable data security. Although these are not standard security measures, they do help to a certain extent to avoid online security problems. For extended mobile application security, companies allow the VPN to access only the necessary business resources or disable access to applications through insecure public networks.
Let’s Wrap Up
I hope this blog article gives you a clear idea related to various mobile app development technologies. If you use thse tools to create your mobile applications, you will get a secure, scalable and feature-packed mobile application.
There are many app development companiesthat use the most appropriate technologies, tools, platforms, and mobility frameworks to deliver affordable mobile applications. Also, you can hire mobile app developer who define a custom app development strategy taking into account your business needs.