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Role of IoT in Healthcare: Benefits & Challenges

Role of IoT in Healthcare: Benefits & Challenges

An internet connection is an amazing thing. It provides too many advantages that were not possible before. Do remember your old days, when you used a cell phone before it became a smartphone. You could call and you could text, but now you can read any book, watch any movies, or listen to any of your favorite songs all in the smartphone in your hand. And that too is just a few to name. The list is too long!

The main point is connecting things to the internet results in amazing advantages. All of us have seen these benefits with our laptops, tablets or smartphones, but this is possible for everything else present in our surroundings too. And yes, I mean everything in our surroundings.   

The concept behind the Internet of Things is quite simple. It just means taking all the things in the world together and connecting them to the internet.

We will understand IoT better when we know the benefits of connecting things to the internet. So, let’s focus on the solution to the question: Why should we even want to connect everything to the internet?

Significance of the Internet of Things (IoT)

When we say that something is connected to the internet, it generally means that this thing can send/receive information or both. This makes these things smart and that is quite good and interesting as well!

Let’s look at an instance. You can use your smartphone to listen to any song in the world, but it is not because your phone has all the songs in the world stored in it. The main reason is that every song in the world is stored in the cloud, but your phone can access this cloud and send information (asking for the song). Moreover, it then receives information (streaming that song on your phone).   

To be smart, a thing does not require having super storage or a super-computer inside it. Just connecting to super storage would work awesome!

In the internet of things, all the things that are being connected to the internet can be classified into three categories:

  • Things that gather information and then send it.
  • Things that receive information and then act on it.
  • Things that do both.

Have a look at some stats and facts related IoT in 2020:

  • The global IoT healthcare market to reach about $14 billion by the year 2024 (source)
  • The IoT devices market anticipated reaching $1.1 trillion by the year 2026 (source)
  • There are about 25 billion IoT devices by the year 2021 (source)
  • There are approximately 3.5 billion cellular IoT connections (source)
  • 58% of financial executives reported that they have well-developed IoT initiatives (source)
  • 80% of organizations all across the globe report positive results after IoT implementation (source)

Nowadays, The Internet of Things (IoT) has become industry-agnostic jargon that describes how the latest technologies are being embedded in multiple industries currently, including the healthcare & medical industry.

In this blog, we will look at various ways the internet of things is affecting the healthcare and medical industry and IoT applications in the healthcare industry.

Benefits of IoT In Healthcare

Simultaneous monitoring and reporting

Healthcare monitoring on a real-time basis via various connected devices can save precious lives in the event of any medical emergency like diabetes, heart failure, asthma attacks, to name a few.

With real-time medical monitoring and reporting of any medical condition in place by means of a smart device connected to an app. These connected devices can easily collect the required health data and use the connection of data of the smartphone in order to transfer collected data to a physician.

According to a study conducted by the Center of Connected Health Policy, there was an approximately 50% reduction in 30-day readmission rate owing to remote patient monitoring on patients of heart failure.

The IoT device transfers all the medical data like oxygen level, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels, ECGs and weight of the patient. Then, these crucial data are stored over the cloud which can easily be shared with an authorized person, who could be your insurance company, your physician, a participating healthcare firm or an external health consultant. In addition to this, it allows them to read at the collected data regardless of their time, place, or device.

End-to-end connectivity of information

The Internet of things can easily automate patient care workflow using healthcare mobility solutions and other latest technologies, and next-generation medical facilities. When you implement IoT in the healthcare industry, it enables machine-to-machine communication, interoperability, data movement and information exchange that makes the delivery of healthcare service effective.

Connectivity protocols: Wi-Fi,  Bluetooth LE, ZigBee, Z-wave, and various other modern protocols, the healthcare personnel can easily change the way they spot ailments and illness in patients and can also innovate various revolutionary ways of medical treatment. In the same way, a well organized technology-driven setup brings down the cost of healthcare, by cutting down unnecessary visits, improving the allocation & planning and utilizing better quality resources.

Data assortment & analysis

The amount of data or information a health care provider sends in a short time owing to its real-time mobile application is difficult to manage and store when access to the cloud is not available.

In addition to this, designing health services, extracting information from multiple devices and sources and carefully analyzing them manually is a difficult task to do. Various IoT devices can collect, analyze and report data in real-time and the need for storing the raw data.

All this can happen if service providers only access the final medical reports with graphs. In addition to this, in healthcare operations organizations allow vital healthcare analytics in order to gain data-driven knowledge that accelerates decision making and is less prone to various mistakes.

Tracking and alerts

Early warning is critical in the case of various life-threatening circumstances. Medical internet of things devices collect all the crucial information and pass it on to physicians for real-time monitoring while sending notifications to people on critical parts about mobile applications and other connected devices.

Alerts and reports give a precise opinion on the patient’s condition, regardless of time and place. In addition to this, it helps to make the right decisions and offer timely treatment to the patients. Therefore, the internet of things allows for monitoring, alerts and real-time monitoring, which allows for more precision, convenient treatments, appropriate physician intervention as well as improves the overall care outcomes of the patients.

Remote medical assistance

In case of emergency, patients can easily contact a doctor who is many miles away from his or her location with a mobile application. With mobility solutions in health care, all the physicians can directly verify patients and can easily identify medical conditions on the fly.

In addition to this, most of the healthcare service delivery chains that anticipate the construction of machines that can distribute medication based on data related to patient care and prescription are available through various connected devices. The Internet of things will also improve the care of patients in the hospital. This will definitely reduce the extent of people in healthcare.

Research

The internet of things for the healthcare industry can also be used for various crucial research purposes. This is because the internet of things allows collecting a behemoth of data about the illness of patients that take us many years if we collected it manually.

These data collected may be used for the various crucial statistical studies supporting medical research. Hence, the internet of things saves not only time but also our money that would go into the research work. Therefore, the internet of things has a major impact on the field of medical research. In addition to this, it allows for the introduction of better and larger medical treatments.

The internet of things can also be used in a plethora of devices that improve the quality of health services that patients receive. Even existing devices are now being updated by IoT by using integrated smart device chips. This chip improves the care that a patient needs. With all these benefits of IoT in healthcare we can say that the future of IoT in healthcare industry is bright.

Challenges of IoT in Healthcare

Data security & privacy

One of the most important threats that the internet of things poses is data privacy and security. The internet of things devices captures and transmits all the crucial data on a real-time basis. Although, most of the internet of things devices lack data standards and protocols. In addition to this, there is a significant ambiguity in terms of regulation of data ownership.

All these factors make the data and information highly vulnerable and susceptible to the cybercriminals, who can hack the system and compromise the personal health information or data of the doctors and patients. Hackers or cybercriminals can abuse the data of patients in order to create fake IDs so as to buy medical equipment and drugs that they can then sell. Cybercriminals can also file a fraudulent claim of insurance on behalf of the patient.

Integration: multiple devices & protocols

The multiple device integration causes obstacles in the implementation of the internet of things in the healthcare sector. One of the major reasons for this obstacle is that manufacturers of the device have not reached a consensus on communication standards and protocols.

Therefore, even if the plethora of devices is connected; the difference in communication protocol hinders and complicates the process of data aggregation. This lack of uniformity of the connected device protocols also slows down the entire process and also reduces the scope of scalability as well as IoT status.

Data overload & accuracy

As discussed earlier in the blog, data aggregation is pretty difficult owing to the use of different communication standards and protocols. Although, the internet of things devices still records a ton of crucial data. The data collected by the internet of things devices is used to obtain vital information.

However, the amount of information and data is so large that reducing doctors’ prospects becomes very difficult, which ultimately affects the quality of decision making. In addition to this, the concern increases as more smart devices connecting more and more data are connected.

Cost

Are you surprised to see cost considerations in the challenge sections of IoT? I know that most of you will not support it as IoT has not made medical care affordable for the common man. The rise in health care costs is a sure sign for all developed nations all across the globe.

In addition to this, the situation is such that it has led to “medical tourism”, in which patients with critical health conditions have access to various hospitals in the developing countries, which costs them less than one-tenth. The internet of things in health as a concept is a promising and fascinating idea.

Although, it has not solved the cost considerations as of now. In order to implement IoT app development successfully and to gain its complete optimization, the stakeholders must make it affordable otherwise it’ll always remain out of everyone’s reach apart from the rich people. But, after some time these issues of IoT in healthcare will definitely be resolved.

Benefits of IoT App Development for Healthcare Providers

The Internet of things changes the way businesses interact with their target audience. Not only is it collecting user data but also analyzing it in real-time to get more personalized user experience. Mobile apps have grown in use over the past few years, and now customers are using their smartphones for everyday business.

IoT mobile application development enables software development company to deliver a more personalized user experience to the audience while delivering clear benefits to marketers. Whether it’s the healthcare industry, the automotive industry, or the industry for everyday household appliances, the new Internet apps for mobile phones are the future and the IoT ride will help companies outperform their competitors.

Empower innovative business ideas

The Internet opens up new opportunities for different companies to develop their applications. It will not be long before we see the emergence of new innovative applications in the online gaming arena. Take for example from Uber. The innovative idea of ​​the people who moved around with their cars around them could not have been possible without the Internet. Many new business ideas, such as Uber and FitBit, will appear in the coming times because of this advanced technology. Mobile app developers have realized that mobile users want to be connected to their devices even when they’re on their smartphones and new apps, but the benefits of this technology will not be far away.

Develop five levels of mobile applications

One of the great effects of the Internet of things on mobile application development services is that this new technology will separate the full development of mobile applications into a five-level process. All five levels will need to work harmoniously to develop a stunningly mobile app. There is a departure from the development of traditional applications for mobile phones on cards and will show a new development of five levels. The five levels will be a device, gateway, data, analysis, and application. Every stage of development needs to be heavily focused to ensure that applications are fully connected to the Internet and to each other.

Real-time data analysis of personal services

Again, Uber is the best example of mobile apps that analyze real-time data for their customers to provide customized services. The site collects real-time user shows and rides near the site and connects with drivers in no time. Unlike other applications, websites, and web applications that collect user data overtime for personal services, Internet Objects will feed mobile phone development in the coming times to analyze customers’ real-time data and provide instant service. Nothing can analyze data better than the Internet of things and analyze them instantly.

According to a 2017 Ponemon survey, 79% of people believe that mobile applications pose a threat to the current security of the ecosystem online. As the Internet is spreading everywhere with the development of mobile applications, the security threat will soon be weakened as it will improve the general defense barriers of mobile applications. Physical devices will be the first entry point for mobile application development, and the remaining four levels of mobile application development will enhance application security. By encrypting data and increasing protection, the Internet will ensure that data collected from customers is safe and secure from any potential security threat.

In the future, things will become related to mobile application development, and most businesses will jump on the IoT vehicle to bring in profitable output; therefore, healthcare app development services with IoT integration will be on the rise. Applications linking smartphones to smartphones will be essential to maintaining the competitiveness of companies. Companies can collaborate with India’s mobile application developers to get a mobile application connected to their business model.

Let’s Wrap Up:

So, in this blog, we have seen various benefits and challenges of IoT in the healthcare industry. Nowadays, more and more healthcare services providers are choosing IoT app development companies for the development of their mobile applications. If you are a medical or healthcare service, you can also hire iphone app developer for your own custom mobile application.

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