Advancement in battery technology has made electric heavy-duty trucks commercially and technically viable and with this, several manufacturers have launched battery operated electric trucks lately. It won’t be wrong if we say that electromobility is playing a key role in our journey towards sustainable transportation. These days, electric trucks are now becoming a feasible commercial solution for transportation companies.
As per the report from a leading trucking non-profit organization, the modifications have been relatively unpretentious so far, but the adoption rate is expected to boost quickly. Due to the simplicity of electric truck designs and the customers’ firm desire to cut fuel costs, the electric trucks have become their top choice for transportation. When it comes to the manufacturing cost of the electric truck, it is still relatively expensive, but in the long run, it helps in saving money on fuel. With improving battery technology, the batteries might be less expensive, but electric trucks will be even more attractive for fleet owners.
Benefits of Using Electric Trucks for Transportation-
Reduced Cost Per Mile –
The estimated cost of operating an electric truck per mile is $1.26 whereas the cost of operating a diesel heavy goods truck is $1.51 per mile. In the same manner, the maintenance cost of an electric vehicle is also less than a diesel engine truck.
No Noise Pollution –
With increasing traffic on the roads, noise pollution has become a major concern, particularly in urban areas. The electric trucks and battery operated cars run without the noise of combustion, so it would be a perfect solution to say bye to noise pollution.
Decreased Air Pollution –
Using electric trucks, air pollution can be reduced significantly. An electric car has 40 percent lesser emissions than their conventionally power-driven counterparts. If electric trucks can successfully match these emission levels, the toxic and poisonous gases in the environment are greatly controlled.
Health Benefits –
Reduced harmful emissions is good news for human health. Improved quality of air will lead to fewer health issues and also, the costs which are caused by air pollution.
Lower Maintenance Cost –
A BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle) has a lot less moving components than a traditional petrol/diesel car. There is relatively less repair needed. Expensive exhaust systems, fuel injection systems, starter motors, radiators, and many other parts are not required in an electric vehicle.
The First Generation of Electric Trucks
Though it was a series of advancements from the battery to the electric motor, the first electric vehicle led to on the road in the 1800s. During the early part of the century, the innovators in the Netherlands, Hungry and the United States including a blacksmith (a metal worker) from Vermont started toying with the concept of a battery-operated vehicle and crafted some of the first (small-scale) electric cars.
In 1832-1839, the Scottish inventor Robert Anderson created the first crude electric powered vehicle by non-rechargeable primary cells. American Thomas Davenport invented the first practical electric vehicle, a small locomotive in 1835.
In a hybrid vehicle, two or more different types of power are used, such as an internal combustion engine to operate an electric generator that controls an electric motor. For instance, in diesel-electric trains, the diesel engines are used to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, and in submarines, the diesel engines are used when surfaced and batteries when submerged.
Hybrid vehicles work on the simple principle which states that the different motors work better at different speeds. For instance, the electric motor is more efficient while turning power or producing torque, and the combustion engine is best for maintaining high speed (better than the standard electric motor).
Hybrid technology can be used in any type of power train. In 2008, Dave Buchko, a BMW spokesman said,” From the perspective of a hybrid, it makes no difference”. He meant that technically, a hybrid with a diesel engine would not be all which is different from the one having a gasoline engine.
Contrasting the car market, most truck manufacturing companies generally have been moving directly to hydrogen-electric or all-electric vehicles instead of investing heavily in the diesel-electric hybrids.
Developing Charging Networks
Various studies have revealed that consumers steer clear of electric vehicles as they bother about the lack of charging stations. Studies also disclosed that customers are more likely to purchase an electric car when they see charging stations around the town. While their anxiety about the range is largely baseless because even the cheapest electric vehicle sport comes in enough range to serve nearly all of a driver’s needs.
To be clear, it is not just the customers who want to see more charging stations but it will be beneficial to automakers too who wish to sell electric cars as well as to power utilities. Some utilities and auto manufacturers are making huge investments into developing charging stations including Volkswagen’s commitment to invest $2 billion on electric vehicle charging infrastructure as a part of their settlement against the diesel emissions scandal.
Electric trucks are becoming an alternative to traditional trucks because of numerous benefits. Due to the high efficiency of electric power trucks, the costs are expected to be lower. But, the lack of charging stations is a real concern on longer trips, and it is preventing consumers from going all-electric.
Rachelle, the author of this post is an experienced writer and analyst. He is working in the transport and logistics industry for many years and therefore familiar with the latest trends and technologies used in this sector. Writing is his passion and he writes informative blogs after the complete research and analysis.