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Centrifugal Pumps: Uses, Maintenance and More!

Centrifugal Pumps: Uses, Maintenance and More!

A centrifugal pump is a device that is used to transfer fluids. It is a device that makes use of centrifugal force with the help of an impeller which rotates to relay velocity and transfer water as well as other types of fluids. This type of pump is a popular choice, and it is used whenever fluids need to be transferred from one place to another. Centrifugal pump is generally used in the agricultural sector, industrial sector, as well as power generation plants.

This type of pump is used to transfer fluids that have low viscosity such as water or light oil. For fluids that have a higher viscosity than water or light oil, a displacement pump is preferred since it helps in minimizing energy costs. Centrifugal pumps are preferred where a large quantity of fluid needs to be transferred. These pumps also provide a high rate of flow which can be adjusted over wider ranges.

How Can You Maintain This Type of Pump?

Since centrifugal pumps are also a machine it too demands a little bit of maintenance and care. With routine maintenance, you will be able to make the pump function properly in its top condition thus increasing its life. Here is what you should check when performing a routine check-up for your pump.

Monitoring the pump speed, discharge pressure, power, flow, pump efficiency, and suction pressure is a must. By monitoring these six key parameters, you can easily find out the condition of the pump.

When Performing a Routine Check-Up, You Should:

  • Check the piping as well as the pump for any leaks.
  • Inspect the stuffing box as well as seal pressure; ensure that there are no leaks present.
  • Check for any noise or unusual vibration as well as the temperature of the pump.
  • Every three months you should change the oil of the pump, and more often if you live in an area where the atmospheric conditions are adverse.
  • Every three months check the foundation of the pump as well as inspect if there are any bolts or screws which are loose.
  • Every three months, check the alignment of the shaft, and if necessary realign it.
  • As you can see, maintaining a centrifugal pump takes a lot of effort, patience as well as knowledge.

Should You Hire A Professional To Help Maintain Your Pump?

The maintenance checklist for a centrifugal pump is quite extensive; it would require a lot of time and experience to go through everything which needs to be checked. Not only does maintaining this type of a pump require a lot of time, effort and diligence, it also requires a working knowledge of the pump. While checking for leaks seems easy enough, you may not know what to do when you do find a leak in the pump. Additionally, it can be difficult to keep up with the monthly and quarterly checkups you may miss a few of them. Unfortunately, even one missed check-up can result in the pump not working efficiently.


By hiring a professional for regular checkup and maintenance of centrifugal pump, you reduce the chances of your pump getting damaged and ultimately increasing the life of the pump. Also, hiring a professional to check your centrifugal pump ultimately saves you a lot of time. You will not have to check the pump yourself, find something wrong and then report it and wait for a professional handyman to show up and fix it. Rather, when a professional is checking your pump, they can fix the errors right away. A professional will also have a lot of experience with these pumps, and hence they may be able to detect smaller deficiencies with the pump right away, which is not so easily spotted by others.

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