We all have been eating and enjoying these delicious cakes for a long time. Our loved ones have been delighting each of us by sending cakes online for almost every occasion. We all have those lip-smacking cakes and want more but, eventually, end up messing the baking procedure. People often say that baking is a very easy process as it just involved measuring, mixing, and putting in the oven. But the one who has tried it seems to fail in it and end up saying that baking is not their cup of tea. Well, it is not that it is easy, but it is also not impossible. It involves too much precision with the measurements, mixing, temperature, etc.
Science of Baking
Baking is a science and tougher than making cookies. It is necessary to learn about the science behind the baking of a delicious cake. The better you know it, the better cakes one can bake. Let us have a look at what is baking about.
Flour that we use in the cakes is a rising agent. The flour contains gluten that helps in providing the shape, strength, and structure to the cake. It is called a rising agent because the gluten in it holds the gases when the cake is in an oven. The mixing has a huge impact on the flour, as overmixing can lead to stiffness of the cake. This happens because gluten gets overdeveloped due to excessive mixing. Always make sure to use the cake flour or all-purpose flour for baking a cake.
The next important ingredient that we will talk about is eggs. We all have seen people always preferring egg cakes over the eggless ones. Eggs have fat content in them due to the yolk that helps in giving the texture and retains apt moisture in the cake. It plays two different roles as the yolk has fat content in it, whereas the whites are a source of protein. Hence, the whites hold the gases that are formed in the cake while baking. Both the parts of eggs are important as one makes the cake fluffy, and others add moisture to the cake.
All the baking recipes have butter as their ingredients because on mixing it nicely with sugar, it creates air pockets that will lead to the fluffiness of the cake. It is a very common fat that not only provides flavor but also holds air bubbles in the batter and gives a proper texture to the cake. Butter combines with the gluten in the flour and covers the air molecules, which makes the cake fluffy. The butter that we use should be unsalted to control the salt content in the cake. Also, the butter must be at room temperature because if the butter is cold, then it will form a lump, and if it is too hot, then it will not create the needed air bubbles in the batter.
While making a cake, always use powdered sugar as it will be easy to mix with butter. Sugar also gives a tender texture to the cake by creating air pockets in the batter. One can also use brown sugar as it gives the baked cake a perfect golden brown hue.
We always have confusion between baking powder or baking soda. Baking powder is a combination of baking soda and cream of tartar. Both of them are leavening agents as they hold air in the batter. Too much use of both can lead to flattening of the cake. The baking soda should be used in combination with an acidic ingredient to produce the chemical reaction needed for the rise. Whereas baking powder has an acidic ingredient in it already, and when it comes in contact with the wet ingredients of cake, it reacts and creates air pockets.
Cocoa powder is needed if you are baking a chocolate cake. There are two types of chocolate which are dry and liquid chocolate. Always, remember that too much of dry chocolate will make the cake too hard and dry. Whereas too much of liquid ingredients will inhibit the formation of air bubbles and make the cake soggy.
Tips for Perfect Baking
- Always grease the pan and add a butter paper to the baking tray to make sure that cake comes out easily.
- It is necessary to use fresh ingredients as expired ingredients lose their capability to work.
- Never do over mixing as this can lead to bursting of the air bubbles formed by butter, sugar, and flour. This applies to all the baked items.
- One should always wait for 5 minutes after the baking time is over as opening the oven door too early can lead to flattening of the cake.
So, we discussed the importance of every ingredient that is used while baking. Apart from this, we also have given some tips that one should follow for baking a delicious cake. This is for you all to learn about baking but if still any problem in baking a perfect cake. Then, order online cake delivery in UAE for you and your loved ones.